• Romanato, M.; Guiotto, A.; Volpe, D.; Sawacha, Z.
    "Center of Mass-Based Posturography for Free Living Environment Applications"
    Clinical Biomechanics 2023, 104, 105950
    DOI: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2023.105950
  • Spolaor, F.; Guiotto, A.; Ciniglio, A.; Sawacha, Z.
    "The Effect of Custom Insoles on Muscle Activity in Diabetic Individuals with Neuropathy"
    Applied Sciences 2023, 13, 2326
    DOI: 10.3390/app13042326
  • Spolaor, F., Guiotto, A., Ciniglio, A., Cibin, F., Sawacha, Z.
    "Effects of a proprioceptive focal stimulation (Equistasi®) on reducing the biomechanical risk factors associated with ACL injury in female footballers"
    Frontiers in Sports and Active Living, , 2023, 5, 1134702
    DOI: 10.3389/fspor.2023.1134702



  • Romanato, M., Volpe, D., Guiotto, A., Spolaor, F., Sartori, M., & Sawacha, Z.
    "Electromyography-informed modeling for estimating muscle activation and force alterations in Parkinson’s disease"
    Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 25(1), 14-26
    DOI: 10.1080/10255842.2021.1925887
  • Romanato M, Spolaor F, Beretta C, Fichera F, Bertoldo A, Volpe D, Sawacha Z.
    "Quantitative assessment of training effects using EksoGT® exoskeleton in Parkinson's disease patients: A randomized single blind clinical trial"
    Contemp Clin Trials Commun. 2022 May 25;28:100926
    DOI: 10.1016/j.conctc.2022.100926
  • Romanato M, Piatkowska W, Spolaor F, To DK, Volpe D, Sawacha Z.
    "Different perspectives in understanding muscle functions in Parkinson's disease through surface electromyography: Exploring multiple activation patterns"
    J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2022 Jun;64:102658
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2022
  • Piatkowska, W., Spolaor, F., Guiotto, A., Guarneri, G., Avogaro, A., & Sawacha, Z.
    "EMG analysis across different tasks improves prevention screenings in diabetes: A cluster analysis approach"
    Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing
    DOI: 10.1007/s11517-022-02559-3
  • Guiotto, A., Spolaor, F., Albani, G., & Sawacha, Z.
    "Could Proprioceptive Stimuli Change Saddle Pressure on Male Cyclists during Different Hand Positions? An Exploratory Study of the Effect of the Equistasi®"
    Device. Sports., 10(6)
    DOI: 10.3390/sports10060088
  • A. Guiotto, A. Ciniglio, F. Spolaor, D. Pavan, F. Cibin, A. Scaldaferro, Z. Sawacha
    "Relability and Repeatibility of ACL Quick Check (R): A Methodology for on Field Lower Limb Joint Kinematics and Kinetics Assessment in Sport Applications"
    (2022) Sensors 22(1), 259
    DOI: 10.3390/s22010259
  • E. Pegolo, D. Volpe, A. Cucca, L. Ricciardi, Z. Sawacha
    “Quantitative Evaluation of Hypomimia in Parkinson’s Disease: A Face Tracking Approach”
    (2022) Sensors, 22(4), 1358
    DOI: 10.3390/s22041358


  • Z. SawachaF. Spolaor,  W. J. PiątkowskaF. Cibin, A. CiniglioA. Guiotto M. Ricca, R. PolliA. Murgia
    "Feasibility and reliability assessment of video-based motion analysis and surface electromyography in children with Fragile X during gait"
    (2021) Sensors 21(14), 4746
    DOI: 10.3390/s21144746 
  • A. Ciniglio*, A. Guiotto*, F. Spolaor and Z. Sawacha
    "The Design and Simulation of a 16-Sensors Plantar Pressure Insole Layout for Different Applications: From Sports to Clinics, a Pilot Study"
    * These authors contributed equally to this work
    (2021) Sensors, 21(4), 1450
    DOI: 10.3390/s21041450
  • F. Spolaor, M. Romanato, A. Guiotto, A. Peppe, L. Bakdounes, D. Khanh-To, D. Volpe , and Z. Sawacha
    "Relationship between Muscular Activity and Postural Control Changes after Proprioceptive Focal Stimulation (Equistasi®) in Middle-Moderate Parkinson’s Disease Patients: An Explorative Study"
    (2021) Sensors, 21(2), 560
    DOI: 10.3390/s21020560
  • Romanato, M.; Volpe, D.; Guiotto, A.; Spolaor, F.; Sartori, M.; Sawacha, Z.
    "Electromyography-Informed Modeling for Estimating Muscle Activation and Force Alterations in Parkinson’s Disease"
    Comput Method Biomech 2021, 1–13
    DOI: 10.1080/10255842.2021.1925887
  • Romanato, M.; Guiotto, A.; Spolaor, F.; Bakdounes, L.; Baldassarre, G.; Cucca, A.; Peppe, A.; Volpe, D.; Sawacha, Z
    "Changes of Biomechanics Induced by Equistasi® in Parkinson’s Disease: Coupling between Balance and Lower Limb Joints Kinematics"
    Med Biol Eng Comput 2021, 59, 1403–1415
    DOI: 10.1007/s11517-021-02373-3


  • Zimi SawachaCristina D SartorLiu Chiao YiAnnamaria GuiottoFabiola SpolaorIsabel C N Sacco
    "Clustering classification of diabetic walking abnormalities: a new approach taking into account intralimb coordination patterns"
    (2020) Gait and Posture, 79, pp. 33-40
    DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2020.03.016
  • Fabiola SpolaorM. Mason, A. De Stefani, G. BrunoO. SuraceA. GuiottoA. Gracco, Z. Sawacha
    "Effects of Rapid Palatal Expansion on Chewing Biomechanics in Children with Malocclusion: A Surface Electromyography Study"
    (2020) Sensors, 20(7):2086
    DOI: 10.3390/s20072086
  • D. Volpe, F. Spolaor, Z. Sawacha, A. Guiotto, D. Pavan, L. Bakdounes, V. Urbani, G. Frazzitta, R. Iansek
    "Muscular activation changes in lower limbs after underwater gait training in Parkinson's disease: A surface emg pilot study"
    (2020) Gait and Posture, 80:185-191
    DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2020.03.017


  • Peppe, A., Paravati, S., Baldassarre, M.G., Bakdounes, L., Spolaor, F., Guiotto, A., Pavan, D., Sawacha, Z., Bottino, S., Clerici, D., Cau, N., Mauro, A., Albani, G., Avenali, M., Sandrini, G., Tassorelli, C., Volpe, D.
    "Proprioceptive Focal Stimulation (Equistasi®) May Improve the Quality of Gait in Middle-Moderate Parkinson's Disease Patients. Double-Blind, Double-Dummy, Randomized, Crossover, Italian Multicentric Study"
    (2019) Frontiers in Neurology, 10, art. no. 998, .
    DOI: 10.3389/fneur.2019.00998
  • Di Marco, R., Hallemans, A., Bellon, G., Ragona, F., Piazza, E., Granata, T., Ceulemans, B., Schoonjans, A.-S., Van de Walle, P., Darra, F., Dalla Bernardina, B., Vecchi, M., Sawacha, Z., Scarpa, B., Masiero, S., Benedetti, M.G., Del Felice, A.
    "Gait abnormalities in people with Dravet syndrome: A cross-sectional multi-center study"
    (2019) European Journal of Paediatric Neurology, . Cited 1 time.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2019.09.010


  • Guiotto, A., Bellè, F., Rao, G., Jacques, A., Sawacha, Z.
    "O 065 - The impact of dynamic simulation on diabetic foot prevention: Two different approaches combining gait analysis and finite element modelling"
    (2018) Gait and Posture, 65, pp. 131-133.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.06.101
  • Spolaor, F., Guiotto, A., Pavan, D., Arab Yaghoubi, L., Peppe, A., Paone, P., Sawacha, Z., Volpe, D.
    "P 044 – Effects of the Equistasi® neurological rehabilitation's device on Parkinson's disease patients’ gait"
    (2018) Gait and Posture, 65, pp. 309-310. Cited 1 time.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.06.199
  • Mason, M., Spolaor, F., Guiotto, A., De Stefani, A., Gracco, A., Sawacha, Z.
    "Gait and posture analysis in patients with maxillary transverse discrepancy, before and after RPE"
    (2018) International Orthodontics, 16 (1), pp. 158-173.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ortho.2018.01.003
  • Mason, M., Spolaor, F., Guiotto, A., De Stefani, A., Gracco, A., Sawacha, Z.
    "Analyse de la démarche et de la posture chez des patients avec déficit transversal du maxillaire, avant et après expansion palatine rapide (EPR)"
    (2018) International Orthodontics, 16 (1), pp. 158-173. Cited 5 times.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ortho.2018.01.004
  • Scarton, A., Guiotto, A., Malaquias, T., Spolaor, F., Sinigaglia, G., Cobelli, C., Jonkers, I., Sawacha, Z.
    "A methodological framework for detecting ulcers’ risk in diabetic foot subjects by combining gait analysis, a new musculoskeletal foot model and a foot finite element model"
    (2018) Gait and Posture, 60, pp. 279-285. Cited 4 times.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.08.036


  • Aerts, W., Scarton, A., De Groote, F., Guiotto, A., Sawacha, Z., Cobelli, C., Vander Sloten, J., Jonkers, I.
    "Validation of plantar pressure simulations using finite and discrete element modelling in healthy and diabetic subjects"
    (2017) Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, 20 (13), pp. 1442-1452.
    DOI: 10.1080/10255842.2017.1372428
  • Scarton A., Guiotto A., Malaquias T., Sinigaglia G., Jonkers I., Sawacha Z.
    "Methodological Framework for Detecting Ulcers' Risk in Diabetic Foot Subjects by Combining Gait Analysis, a New Musculoskeletal Foot Model and a Foot Finite Element  Model"
    (2017) Gait Posture.
  • Benedetti, M.G., Beghi, E., De Tanti, A., Cappozzo, A., Basaglia, N., Cutti, A.G., Cereatti, A., Stagni, R., Verdini, F., Manca, M., Fantozzi, S., Mazzà, C., Camomilla, V., Campanini, I., Castagna, A., Cavazzuti, L., Del Maestro, M., Croce, U.D., Gasperi, M., Leo, T., Marchi, P., Petrarca, M., Piccinini, L., Rabuffetti, M., Ravaschio, A., Sawacha, Z., Spolaor, F., Tesio, L., Vannozzi, G., Visintin, I., Ferrarin, M.
    "SIAMOC position paper on gait analysis in clinical practice: General requirements, methods and appropriateness. Results of an Italian consensus conference"
    (2017) Gait and Posture, 58, pp. 252-260. Cited 14 times.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.08.003
    IF 2.286 Q1
  • Varotto, C., Sawacha, Z., Gizzi, L., Farina, D., Sartori, M.
    "Closed-loop EMG-informed model-based analysis of human musculoskeletal mechanics on rough terrains"
    (2017) IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, art. no. 8009274, pp. 364-368.
    DOI: 10.1109/ICORR.2017.8009274
  • Volpe, D., Pavan, D., Morris, M., Guiotto, A., Iansek, R., Fortuna, S., Frazzitta, G., Sawacha, Z.
    "Underwater gait analysis in Parkinson's disease"
    (2017) Gait and Posture, 52, pp. 87-94. Cited 8 times.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2016.11.019
    IF 2.286 Q1
  • Scarton, A., Jonkers, I., Guiotto, A., Spolaor, F., Guarneri, G., Avogaro, A., Cobelli, C., Sawacha, Z.
    "Comparison of lower limb muscle strength between diabetic neuropathic and healthy subjects using OpenSim"
    (2017) Gait and Posture, 58, pp. 194-200.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.07.117
    IF 2.286 Q1


  • Mason M, Spolaor F, Guiotto A, De Stefani A, Gracco A, Sawacha Z.
    "Gait and posture analysis in patients with unilateral posterior crossbite, before and after RPE."
    (2016 )International Orthodontics. Accepted.
    IF 0.82 Q3
  • Hannah I, Sawacha Z, Guiotto A, Mazzà C.
    "Examining the relationship between sagittal plane kinematics and vertical force in multi-segment foot models".
    (2016) International Biomechanics.  3:1, 50-56. 1
  • Spolaor, F., Sawacha, Z., Guarneri, G., Del Din, S., Avogaro, A., Cobelli, C.
    "Altered EMG patterns in diabetic neuropathic and not neuropathic patients during step ascending and descending"
    (2016) Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 31, pp. 32-39. Cited 5 times.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2016.08.007
    1 IF 1.53 Q2
  • Scarton, A., Sawacha, Z., Cobelli, C., Li, X.
    "Towards the generation of a parametric foot model using principal component analysis: A pilot study"
    (2016) Medical Engineering and Physics, 38 (6), pp. 547-559. Cited 4 times.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2016.03.005
    IF 1.619 Q2
  • Guiotto, A., Scarton, A., Sawacha, Z., Guarneri, G., Avogaro, A., Cobelli, C.
    "Gait Analysis Driven 2D Finite Element Model of the Neuropathic Hindfoot"
    (2016) Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology, 16 (2), art. no. 1650012, .
    DOI: 10.1142/S0219519416500123
    IF 0.797 Q3
  • Hannah, I., Sawacha, Z., Guiotto, A., Mazzà, C.
    "Relationship between sagittal plane kinematics, foot morphology and vertical forces applied to three regions of the foot"
    (2016) International Biomechanics, 3 (1), pp. 50-56. Cited 2 times.
    DOI: 10.1080/23335432.2016.1229135


  • Mantoan, A., Pizzolato, C., Sartori, M., Sawacha, Z., Cobelli, C., Reggiani, M.
    "MOtoNMS: A MATLAB toolbox to process motion data for neuromusculoskeletal modeling and simulation"
    (2015) Source Code for Biology and Medicine, 10 (1), art. no. 12 . Cited 26 times.
    DOI: 10.1186/s13029-015-0044-4
    .IF 0.819 Q2


  • Guiotto, A., Sawacha, Z., Guarneri, G., Avogaro, A., Cobelli, C.
    "3D finite element model of the diabetic neuropathic foot: A gait analysis driven approach"
    (2014) Journal of Biomechanics, 47 (12), pp. 3064-3071. Cited 20 times.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2014.06.029
    IF 2.431 Q1
  • Del Din, S., Bertoldo, A., Sawacha, Z., Jonsdottir, J., Rabuffetti, M., Cobelli, C., Ferrarin, M.
    "Assessment of biofeedback rehabilitation in post-stroke patients combining fMRI and gait analysis: A case study"
    (2014) Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, 11 (1), art. no. 53, . Cited 10 times.
    DOI: 10.1186/1743-0003-11-53
    IF 2.419 Q1
  • Ceseracciu, E., Sawacha, Z., Cobelli, C.
    "Comparison of markerless and marker-based motion capture technologies through simultaneous data collection during gait: Proof of concept"
    (2014) PLoS ONE, 9 (3), art. no. e87640, . Cited 53 times.
    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0087640
    IF 4.411 Q1


  • Laudani, L., Vannozzi, G., Sawacha, Z., della Croce, U., Cereatti, A., Macaluso, A.
    "Association between Physical Activity Levels and Physiological Factors Underlying Mobility in Young, Middle-Aged and Older Individuals Living in a City District"
    (2013) PLoS ONE, 8 (9), art. no. e74227, . Cited 25 times.
    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0074227
    IF 4.411 Q1
  • Sawacha, Z., Carraro, E., Contessa, P., Guiotto, A., Masiero, S., Cobelli, C.
    "Relationship between clinical and instrumental balance assessments in chronic post-stroke hemiparesis subjects"
    (2013) Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, 10 (1), art. no. 95, . Cited 32 times.
    DOI: 10.1186/1743-0003-10-95
    IF 2.419 Q1
  • Guiotto, A., Sawacha, Z., Guarneri, G., Cristoferi, G., Avogaro, A., Cobelli, C.
    "The role of foot morphology on foot function in diabetic subjects with or without neuropathy"
    (2013) Gait and Posture, 37 (4), pp. 603-610. Cited 22 times.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2012.09.024
    IF 2.286 Q1
  • Ceccon, S., Ceseracciu, E., Sawacha, Z., Gatta, G., Cortesi, M., Cobelli, C., Fantozzi, S.
    "Motion analysis of front crawl swimming applying CAST technique by means of automatic tracking"
    (2013) Journal of Sports Sciences, 31 (3), pp. 276-287. Cited 20 times.
    DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2012.729134
    IF 2.142 Q1
  • Sawacha, Z.
    "Validation of plantar pressure measurements for a novel in-shoe plantar sensory replacement unit."
    (2013) Journal of diabetes science and technology, 7 (5), pp. 1176-1178. Cited 1 time.
    DOI: 10.1177/193229681300700538
    IF 0.813 Q2
  • Magalhães FA, Sawacha Z , Di Michele R , Cortesi M, Gatta G, Fantozzi S.
    "Performance of an automatic tracking software for underwater motion analysis."
    (2013) Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 12, 660 - 667. 4.
    IF 1.43 Q2
  • Guiotto, A., Sawacha, Z., Guarneri, G., Cristoferi, G., Avogaro, A., Cobelli, C.
    "The role of foot morphology on foot function in diabetic subjects with or without neuropathy"
    (2013) Gait and Posture, 37 (4), pp. 603-610. Cited 22 times.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2012.09.024
  • Sawacha, Z., Carraro, E., Contessa, P., Guiotto, A., Masiero, S., Cobelli, C.
    "Relationship between clinical and instrumental balance assessments in chronic post-stroke hemiparesis subjects"
    (2013) Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, 10 (1), art. no. 95, . Cited 32 times.
    DOI: 10.1186/1743-0003-10-95


  • Z Sawacha*, E Carraro*, S Del Din*, A Guiotto*, L Bonaldo, L Punzi, C Cobelli, S
    "Biomechanical assessment of balance and posture in subjects with ankylosing spondylitis."
    (2012) JNER.
    IF 2.419 Q1
  • Sawacha, Z., Spolaor, F., Guarneri, G., Contessa, P., Carraro, E., Venturin, A., Avogaro, A., Cobelli, C.
    "Abnormal muscle activation during gait in diabetes patients with and without neuropathy"
    (2012) Gait and Posture, 35 (1), pp. 101-105. Cited 38 times.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.08.016
    IF 2.286 Q1
  • Sawacha, Z., Guarneri, G., Cristoferi, G., Guiotto, A., Avogaro, A., Cobelli, C.
    "Integrated kinematics-kinetics-plantar pressure data analysis: A useful tool for characterizing diabetic foot biomechanics"
    (2012) Gait and Posture, 36 (1), pp. 20-26. Cited 43 times.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2011.12.007
    IF 2.286 Q1


  • Ceseracciu, E., Sawacha, Z., Fantozzi, S., Cortesi, M., Gatta, G., Corazza, S., Cobelli, C.
    "Markerless analysis of front crawl swimming"
    (2011) Journal of Biomechanics, 44 (12), pp. 2236-2242. Cited 30 times.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2011.06.003
    IF 2.431 Q1
  • Del Din, S., Carraro, E., Sawacha, Z., Guiotto, A., Bonaldo, L., Masiero, S., Cobelli, C.
    "Impaired gait in ankylosing spondylitis"
    (2011) Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, 49 (7), pp. 801-809. Cited 22 times.
    DOI: 10.1007/s11517-010-0731-x
    IF 1.797 Q2


  • Sawacha, Z., Guarneri, G., Avogaro, A., Cobelli, C.
    "A new classification of diabetic gait pattern based on cluster analysis of biomechanical data"
    (2010) Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology, 4 (5), pp. 1127-1138. Cited 17 times.
    DOI: 10.1177/193229681000400511
    IF 0.813 Q2


  • Z Sawacha, G Cristoferi, G Guarneri, S Corazza, G Donà, P Denti, A Facchinetti, A Avogaro, C Cobelli.
    "Multisegment Model for Assessing Diabetic Foot Kinematics."
    (2009) Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation.; 6(1):37.  10.
    IF 2.419 Q1
  • Sawacha, Z., Cristoferi, G., Guarneri, G., Corazza, S., Don, G., Denti, P., Facchinetti, A., Avogaro, A., Cobelli, C.
    "Characterizing multisegment foot kinematics during gait in diabetic foot patients"
    (2009) Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, 6 (1), art. no. 37, . Cited 35 times.
    DOI: 10.1186/1743-0003-6-37
  • Sawacha, Z., Gabriella, G., Cristoferi, G., Guiotto, A., Avogaro, A., Cobelli, C.
    "Diabetic gait and posture abnormalities: A biomechanical investigation through three dimensional gait analysis"
    (2009) Clinical Biomechanics, 24 (9), pp. 722-728. Cited 65 times.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2009.07.007
    IF 1.636 Q1


  • Leardini, A., Sawacha, Z., Paolini, G., Ingrosso, S., Nativo, R., Benedetti, M.G.
    "A new anatomically based protocol for gait analysis in children"
    (2007) Gait and Posture, 26 (4), pp. 560-571. Cited 137 times.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2006.12.018
    IF 2.286 Q1


  • Sprigle, S., Wootten, M., Sawacha, Z., Theilman, G.
    "Relationships among cushion type, backrest height, seated posture, and reach of wheelchair users with spinal cord injury"
    (2003) Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, 26 (3), pp. 236-243. Cited 20 times.
    DOI: 10.1080/10790268.2003.11753690
    IF 1.578 Q2



  • Sawacha, Z., Schrefler, B.
    "Finite Element Modelling in Musculoskeletal Biomechanics"
    (2013) Modeling Methodology for Physiology and Medicine: Second Edition, (pp. 527-544. Cap. 22)
    DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-411557-6.00022-7
    (ISBN: 978-0-12-411557-6)
  • S Masiero, L Bonaldo, S Del Din, Z Sawacha.
    “Approccio riabilitativo e gestione delle disabilità”. Capitolo 18 di  “Terapia farmacologica e non farmacologica: quali sinergie?”.
    (2010) Ed. Giovanni Arioli, Collana Reumatologia, Fidenza.
  • C Cobelli, A Facchinetti, G Guiotto, Z Sawacha.
    “Modelli e Tecnologie per il Diabete”
    (2016 ) XXXV Scuola Annuale di Bioingegneria. Bressanone, 26 - 29 settembre 2016. Ed Patro (Cap. 3)